Article 5321

Title of the article

Regional press as a source of studying the unemployment in the initial period of the NEP 

Authors

Svetlana A. Urazova, Candidate of historical sciences, associate professor, associate professor of the sub-department of the history of Russia, state and law, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), E-mail: svieta.urazova@mail.ru 

Index UDK

94(470+571) «1920-е гг.» 

DOI

10.21685/2072-3024-2021-3-5 

Abstract

Background. Today, there is a difficult economic situation due to the Covid-19 pandemic. It is accompanied by a number of negative social consequences: a decline in the standard of population’s living standart, an unemployment’s increase. Therefore, the experience of the new economic policy on finding ways to solve the problem of employment is still relevant. It is important not only to highlight the main methods of combating unemployment in the years of the NEP, but also to show the specifics characteristic of individual regions. The purpose of the work is a comprehensive analysis of this process based on the publications of the regional periodicals. Materials and methods. The source base of the research is the materials of the Penza newspaper “Trudovaya Pravda” for the period 1921–1925. Formal-logical and comparative-historical methods are used. Results. Publications dealing with the problems of unemployment in the Penza region are investigated. The analysis of the main activities of local regional economic, state and trade union organizations to solve the problem of employment in the early 1920s is carried out. Special attention is paid to the social and professional composition of the unemployed, the activities of the labor exchange, and the work of groups of the unemployed. Conclusions. According to the analysis, it can be noted that the problems of unemployment received a lot of attention in the materials of the newspaper “Trudovaya Pravda”. Statistics on the number of unemployed were regularly published, the work of the labor exchange and the activities of trade unions in providing social and labor assistance were highlighted. There are no analytical articles and very rarely any information was accompanied by the author’s comment. But it is important to note the value of the factual material contained in the newspaper for the study of regional problems of unemployment. 

Key words

new economic policy, unemployment, trade unions, labor exchange, collectives of the unemployed, benefits, regional press 

 

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References

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Дата создания: 06.10.2021 13:55
Дата обновления: 06.10.2021 15:12